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Extra resources for Astronomy Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations Dating Ptolemys Almagest
Holberg (2007) mentioned that the Pawnee called Sirius “the Wolf Star” or “the White Star”, one of the four pillars that hold the sky up. In the Pawnee mythology Sirius would accompany the dead souls along the Milky Way, similar to the Inuit belief. Other Pawnees knew Sirius as the Coyote star. The Inuit people in Alaska knew Sirius as “the Moon Dog” and believed that its conjunction with the Moon brings strong winds. 8 Jewish connections 31 Antares on the other side of the Milky Way. Agise’gwa, the Great Female Sirius, and Wa’hyaya’, the Alpha Male (Antares), must be fed or they will not allow a soul to pass.
32 2 Historical perspective The connection seems to be more with the Greek word σ ιρ´ιoυζ (seirious) than with an Egyptian word root. Ehrlich21 (1959) mentioned that the name of Sirius in Hebrew is Avrek (the Shining). He added that, in the 1930s, astronomers found it to be not a double system, but a triple one, with a third star orbiting the fainter companion with a period of one-and-a-half years. This claim will be discussed below. I could not ﬁnd an explanation for the name Avrek, except that the word may be mentioned with a slightly diﬀerent spelling in the Bible (Genesis 41:43) where when Joseph is honored by Pharaoh by getting the Pharaoh’s second-best chariot, the people are told to bend their knee: And they cried before him “avrech”.
With the solar year, the heliacal rising of Sirius was used. This period, when 1 Thot coincides again with the Nile ﬂooding and with the heliacal rising of Sirius, marks therefore the “Sothis period”. The Roman historian Censorinus wrote in the third century CE that the heliacal rising fell on Egyptian New Year in 139 CE. If the heliacal rising of Sirius and the beginning of the year really corresponded at the time the Egyptian calendar was introduced, it implies that the years 1322 BCE, 2782 BCE, or even 4242 BCE were beginnings of Sothis cycles.
Astronomy Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations Dating Ptolemys Almagest by Fomenko-Kalashnikov-Nosovsky