By Sammy C. Letema
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Extra resources for Assessing Sanitary Mixtures in East African Cities
2 Approach and methodology The findings are based on desktop studies, historical operation and maintenance records, technical reports1, field surveys and in-depth expert interviews (Appendix 1). The research was carried out from October 2007 to December 2009. 5) to establish the feasibility for various sanitary solutions. e. base flow density (m3/d*ha), effluent discharge quality; extent and nature of 1 Kampala Sanitation Strategy and Master Plan (NWSC, 2004), Kampala Sanitation Program Feasibility Study (NWSC, 2008), Kisumu Water Supply and Sanitation Feasibility Report (LVSWSB, 2005a), Long-Term Action: Plan: Sewerage Design Report (LVSWSB, 2008), Draft Practice Manual for Sewerage and Sanitation Services in Kenya (MWI, 2008b), and KIWASCO Water and Sanitation Sector Investment Plan (KIWASCO (2008).
Based on design loads, existing STPs can treat 17,800 m3/d flows. 1) out of which only 9,800 m3/d can be treated, since Kisat design load has already been surpassed by 32%, whereas Nyalenda receive about 30% of its design load. Kisumu Molasses STPs is the only functional satellite system in Kisumu city, treating about 800 m3/d of industrial wastewater flow. Mamboleo slaughter house satellite STPs was abandoned in 1997, upon which generated sewage flow was connected to Kibos-Mamboleo sewer trunk line that feeds into Nyalenda STPs.
Population density threshold for sewerage is 200 P/ha adopted from the master plan (NWSC, 2004). 4. Kampala 2030 structure of sewerage type, coverage and catchments (NWSC, 2004). Construction of Kinawataka will be in phases. The Trunk sewer, Mbuya I, Mutungo, Naguro and the STW is scheduled for 2023, whereas sewer lines for Ntinda I and Mbuya II are scheduled at a later stage depending on urban and demographic developments (NWSC, 2004). Kisumu City Further sewerage developments in Kisumu are geared towards increasing sustainability through cost-effective sewerage development and reduced operational and maintenance costs (JICA, 1998; LVSWSB, 2005a, 2008).
Assessing Sanitary Mixtures in East African Cities by Sammy C. Letema