Download e-book for kindle: ABC: The Alphabetizaton of the Popular Mind by Ivan Illich, Barry Sanders

By Ivan Illich, Barry Sanders

ISBN-10: 0714521507

ISBN-13: 9780714521503

In ABC... thinker and cultural analyst Ivan Illich and medieval pupil and literary critic Barry Sanders have produced an unique, meticulous and provocative examine of the appearance, unfold and current decline of literacy. They discover he influence of the alphabet on primary idea tactics and attitudes, on reminiscence, on political groupings and religous and cultural expectancies. Their exam of the current erosion of literacy within the new technological languages of 'newspeak' and 'uniquack' they usually indicate how new attitudes to language are changing our international view our feel of self and of group.

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Additional info for ABC: The Alphabetizaton of the Popular Mind

Example text

In the process the‘voluntaristic metaphysic’ – the idea of actors striving to alter their circumstances in the direction of normative ideals – would be lost as a central theme in the analysis of action. Second, insofar as the actors can and do adopt a reflexive attitude to their normative environments, they can act manipulatively in relation to them. The reflexive actor, therefore, is one for whom the normative framework is not an analytically independent element capable of autonomous causal influence and the sources of normative conformity must, of necessity, be located elsewhere than in the mere ‘existence’ or‘internalization’ of the normative framework.

In the process the‘voluntaristic metaphysic’ – the idea of actors striving to alter their circumstances in the direction of normative ideals – would be lost as a central theme in the analysis of action. Second, insofar as the actors can and do adopt a reflexive attitude to their normative environments, they can act manipulatively in relation to them. The reflexive actor, therefore, is one for whom the normative framework is not an analytically independent element capable of autonomous causal influence and the sources of normative conformity must, of necessity, be located elsewhere than in the mere ‘existence’ or‘internalization’ of the normative framework.

In Parsons’s analysis, the institutionalization theorem is invoked once more to account for the facts of communication. Communication, Parsons argues, is guaranteed by a common system of symbols which are necessarily generalized from the particularities of single situations: ‘When such a generalization occurs, and actions gestures or symbols have more of less the same meaning for both ego and alter, we may speak of a common culture existing between them, through which their action is mediated’ (Parsons et al, 1951: 105).

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ABC: The Alphabetizaton of the Popular Mind by Ivan Illich, Barry Sanders


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