A Superfluid Universe by Kerson Huang PDF

By Kerson Huang

ISBN-10: 9813148454

ISBN-13: 9789813148451

This attention-grabbing booklet offers the actual and mathematical history for a conception describing the universe as a quantum superfluid, and the way darkish power and darkish topic come up. proposing a singular concept spanning many various fields in physics, the foremost thoughts in each one box are introduced.The reader is barely anticipated to grasp the rudiments of condensed topic physics, quantum box thought and normal relativity to discover this attention-grabbing new version of darkish subject and darkish strength as features of a cosmic superfluid.

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Lower panel) Actual photographs of a reconnection event in superfluid helium [3]. Before Eject After (a) (b) Fig. 4 (a) Reconnection of two vortex lines, which subsequently spring away from each other at high speed, creating two jets of energy. (b) Magnetic reconnections in the Sun produce solar flares [4]. page 24 July 18, 2016 15:12 ws-book9x6 A Superfluid Universe Quantum turbulence master 25 necessary, before reconnecting. 12) The reconnection process has been studied numerically using the GP equation [5], and using Schwarz’s equations [6].

Gradwohl, G. Kalbermann, T. Piran, E. Bertschinger, Nucl. Phys. B 338, 371 (1990). [17] C. Xiong and K. Huang, Relativistic two-fluid hefrodyamics with quantized vorticity from the nonlinear Klein–Gordon equation. ) [18] M. Kalb and P. Ramond, Phys. Rev. D 9, 2273 (1974). [19] C. Pathinayake, A. Villenkin, B. Allen, Phys. Rev. D 37, 2872, (1988). [20] R. L. Davis and E. P. S. Shellard, Phys. Lett. B 214, 219 (1988). com by LA TROBE UNIVERSITY on 10/29/16. For personal use only. 1 A Superfluid Universe master Higgs Why Higgs In the standard model of particle theory, the vacuum is filled with a complex scalar field called the Higgs field, introduced to give mass to the vector bosons that mediate the weak interactions, like the order parameter in superconductivity that gives mass to the photon, as discussed in Chapter 1.

F. Barenghi, D. C. Samuels, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 155301 (2001). [7] J. Maurer and P. Tabeling, Europhys. Lett. 43, 29 (1998). [8] S. R. Stalp, L. Skrbek, R. J. Donnelly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4831 (1999). [9] M. Kobayashi and M. Tsubota, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 2398 (1988). [10] K. Huang, Lectures on Statistical Physics and Protein Folding (World Scentific Publishing, Singapore, 2005), Chap. 14. [11] M. S. Paoletti, M. E. Fisher, K. R. Sreenivasan, D. P. Lathrop, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 154501 (2008).

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A Superfluid Universe by Kerson Huang

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